LIFE Programme

Logo LIFE The LIFE Programme is a European Union financial instrument that promotes the development of environmental conservation initiatives. The programme consists of three thematic components, according to their objectives

LIFE-Environment finances innovative and demonstration actions in industry; demonstration, promotion and technical assistance actions by local authorities; and preparatory support actions for Community legislation and policies.

LIFE-Third Countries focuses on activities aimed at promoting sustainable development in third countries, establishing administrative structures in the environmental sector and nature conservation actions.

LIFE-Nature promotes actions for the conservation of natural habitats and wild flora and fauna of EU interest.

LIFE is regulated by (EC) No. 1655/2000 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 July 2000 concerning the Financial Instrument for the Environment (LIFE), published in the Official Journal L 192 of 28.7.2000.

In its first phase (1992-1995) LIFE was allocated a budget of 400 million euros, a sum which rose to 450 million euros in the second phase (1996-1999) and was substantially increased to 640 million euros in the third phase (2000-2004). Finally, LIFE III was extended (2005-2006) with a budget of 317 million euros, proportionally larger than the previous allocations.


Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 November 2009 on the conservation of wild birds (this is the codified version of Directive 79/409/EEC as amended). Known as ''Birds Directive''.

Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992
On the conservation of natural habits and of wild fauna and flora, OJ L 206, 22.7.1992, modified by Council Directive 97/62/CE, OJ L 305, 8.11.1997, p.3. Known as ''Habitats Directive''.

LIFE's oficial website