Natura 2000

Natura 2000 is a Community-wide network of protected natural areas set up through the approval of two European directives:

- The Birds Directive
- The Habitats Directive

The objective of both directives is to protect natural ecosystems and, in particular, species of wild flora and fauna by implementing specific measures for managing and protecting biodiversity.

The two directives describe some 200 types of habitats considered to be of Community interest in view, particularly, or their reduced distribution in the EU and their tendency to disappear, such as, for example: dune systems, temporary pools, Posidonia oceanica seagrass meadows, wetlands, coastal habitats, etc. The directives also list some 200 animal species and more than 500 plant species whose habitats need to be protected as they are threatened or are endemic.

Despite the environmental protection measures introduced in recent decades, populations of numerous species continue to decrease in the EU. This significant decline is due mainly to the deterioration in natural habitats that are necessary for survival as well as to the intensification of human activity such as tourism, agriculture, energy and transport, amongst others.

It is estimated that in the EU today, half of all mammal species and a third of reptile, fish and bird species are endangered. Some 3,000 plant species are endangered and 27 are threatened with extinction.

The map shows the areas on the Island of Minorca that form part of the Natura 2000 Network which has been configured by the Balearic Islands Government. The Sites of Community Importance (SCIs) and Special Protection Areas (SPAs) for birds that are shown on the map reflect the need to protect the habitats and species of Community interest present on the island.

In this way, the Natura 2000 Network plays a fundamental role in the protection of biodiversity and natural resources in the European Union.

Oficial website of Nature 2000 of the European Commission:
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/natura2000/

Oficial website of the Environment Ministry:
http://www.marm.es/es/biodiversidad/temas/red-natura-2000/default.aspx

To know more about the Nature 2000 network of the Balearic islands:
http://www.xarxanatura.es